Journal article

A theoretical model for the prediction of energy consumption during the chipper canter process

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Author list: GRADIN P, HELLSTRÖM L, Lusth H, GRADIN P, HELLSTRÖM L

Publication year: 2013

Start page: 211

End page: 215

Number of pages: 5

ISSN: 0283-2631

View additional information: View in Web of Science


Abstract

In modern sawmills, chipper canters are used to transform the approximately circular cross section of logs into a rectangular shape before the log is sawn into planks and boards. The chipper canter is in essence a conical disc equipped with knives on its periphery and a circular saw blade at its base. Thorough the action of the chipper canter, the outer parts of a log is removed and transformed into sawdust and chips. In some situations it might be important to be able to predict the energy consumption during canting, for example when one wants to know whether a particular canting strategy can be used considering that there is a limit to the electrical power supply. The aim of this paper was therefore to develop a theoretical model that can perform such a prediction. The canting process can be divided into two parts; the chipping performed by knifes and the sawing performed by the saw blade on the chipper head. The sawing part is performed in order to get a smooth enough surface of the reduced portion of the log. In this paper, emphasis is put on the chipping part of the process and the contribution from sawing is treated only in principal. The results from the theoretical model were compared to results from a field trial and it was concluded that the model gave a fair prediction of the power needed.


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