Journal article

Women´s preferences and received pain relief in childbirth : A prospective longitudinal study in a northern region of Sweden

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Publication Details

Subtitle: A prospective longitudinal study in a northern region of Sweden

Author list: Hildingsson, Ingegerd

Publication year: 2015

Start page: 74

End page: 81

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 1877-5756

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2014.10.001

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Abstract

Background

A range of alternatives in pain management during childbirth are available in the western countries. Womens preferences for and use of pain relief methods during labour is not fully investigated. The aim of this study was to describe what pain relief methods pregnant women preferred when asked in late pregnancy and to identify factors associated with preferred and received pain relief methods.

Methods

A prospective longitudinal study in a northern region of Sweden (n?=?936). Data were collected by three questionnaires. Odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval were calculated between preferred and received pain relief methods for several explanatory variables.

Findings

The most preferred pain relief methods were also the most common received pain relief methods; nitrous oxide, bathing, breathing techniques, epidural analgesia and massage. The strongest factors for using different pain relief methods were primiparity and preferences. Women who used epidural analgesia, regardless of preference, were two to four times more likely to have a less positive birth experience.

Conclusions

Womens preferences for a certain pain relief method were largely met. Greater differences were seen between background factors and preferences than the received pain relief methods. Preferences and primiparity were the most important factors for actually using pain relief. Epidural analgesia was associated with a less positive birth experience.


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