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Vulvovaginal pain from a fear-avoidance perspective : a prospective studyamong female university students in Sweden

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Author list: Ekdahl, Johanna

Publication year: 2017

ISSN: 1931-7611

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2017.1404543


Abstract

Objectives: To examine how fear-avoidance influences vulvovaginal pain and sexual function over time.

Method: At baseline and at 10-month follow-up, self-report measures for sexual- and fear avoidance factors were obtained from 483 female university students with and without self-reported vulvovaginal pain.

Results: individuals with pain at both times reported lower sexual function, and higher levels of fear-avoidance compared to the pain-free group. Fear-avoidance beliefs predicted the occurrence of vulvovaginal pain at follow up and the level of pain intensity.

Conclusion: The results points to the relevance of the components of the fear-avoidance model in vulvovaginal pain over time.


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