Journal article

Five-year incidence and remission rates of female urinary incontinence in a Swedish population less than 65 years old

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Author list: Samuelsson, Eva

Publication year: 2000

Start page: 568

End page: 574

Number of pages: 7

ISSN: 0002-9378

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/mob.2000.106763

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the incidence and remission rates of urinary incontinence in a population-based sample of women. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 382 (87.6%) of 436 eligible women aged 20 to 59 years answered a questionnaire and underwent a gynecologic examination at baseline and were followed up approximately 5 years later. RESULTS: Urinary incontinence was present in 23.6% of women at baseline and in 27.5% at follow-up. The mean annual incidence rate of incontinence was 2.9%, and the mean annual incidence rate of incontinence weekly or more often was 0.5%. Women that were receiving estrogen at baseline were more likely than other women to have incontinence during follow-up. The mean annual remission rate among the 90 women who were incontinent at baseline was 5.9%. The annual net increase of incontinence in the study population was 0.82%. CONCLUSION: Female urinary incontinence seems to be a dynamic condition with a relatively high rate of spontaneous remission, a fact of which physicians should be aware when assessing and planning prevention and treatment strategies.


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