Conference proceedings article

Tourism and Hospitality Workers. : The Internationalization of Reproductive Work?

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Subtitle: The Internationalization of Reproductive Work?

Author list: Zampoukos, Kristina

Publication year: 2011


Abstract

The world is moving, and so are we. People with a western life-style travel frequently and over longer distances, hence tourism is becoming increasingly international. At the same time international migration also increases, especially from the South to the North. This paper puts focus on the socio-spatial labor mobility in (and out of) tourism and hospitality. Tourism and hospitality are widely thought to be highly feminized sectors. Jobs are considered low paid, temporary and/or part-time, low skilled and with few career opportunities. What is more, staff turnover is high. However, tourism and hospitality is sometimes claimed to be gateways for immigrants and young people to enter the labor market. Moreover, in deindustrializing and in sparsely populated, rural regions, expectations of tourism and hospitality as remedies to rising unemployment are high. This paper suggests a study of labor and the socio-spatial labor mobility in tourism and hospitality from an intersectional perspective (gender, race, class) and in two different geographical settings: the urban and the rural. What patterns of socio-spatial labour (im)mobility can be discovered? What patterns of division of labor in each context (urban/rural)? This paper also suggests that work performed by front-end workers in tourism and hospitality could be labeled “reproductive”. Internationalization is taking place since labour travel across state borders to be reproduced, or in many cases, to perform reproductive work.


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