Conference proceedings article

Approaching media criticism : Reflections on motives, material and methods


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Publication Details

Subtitle: Reflections on motives, material and methods

Author list: Holt, Kristoffer;von Krogh, Torbjörn

Publication year: 2009


This paper will address the need for systematic analyses of various reactions against the

media – in history and in the present. It will also deal with difficulties associated with this

field of research; questions about suitable empirical material and methods.

Media development, media production, and media content are well known

fields of research that mainly study media-institutions/organisations and their products.

Media history has also (for obvious reasons) been characterized by this focus. To some ex-

tent, victorious media institutions have influenced their own history.

We argue that it is necessary to take into account the fact that the media has

always been embedded in the context of society as a whole – including those who might

object to the consequences of media in society. An abundance of criticism – from various

directions (religious, political, philosophical etc.) – has at all times surrounded the media.

The criticism that media-organisations/content provoke offers a rich but often

neglected source for thought on media and communication. This perspective opens up a

wide horizon of possible studies and a number of theoretical and methodological ques-



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