Journal article

Women as perpetrators of IPV : The experience of Mozambique

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Subtitle: The experience of Mozambique

Author list: Macassa, Gloria;Soares, Joaquim J. F.

Publication year: 2012

Start page: 5

End page: 27

Number of pages: 23

ISSN: 1759-6599

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17596591211192966


Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the occurrence, severity, chronicity, and predictors of inflicted IPV among women visiting the Forensic Services in Maputo city (Mozambique) as victims of IPV by their partner. The study was cross-sectional: the data were collected from 1,442 women over 12 months (consecutive cases) and were analysed with bivariate and multivariate methods. The overall occurrence of inflicted IPV across severity (one or more types) was 69.4 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 44.8±65.8). Psychological aggression was reported by 64 percent of women (chronicity, mean/SD 23.1±32.4); physical assault by 38.2 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 10.3±24.6); sexual coercion by 39.1 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 7.2±16.2); and injuries by 22.6 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 4.2±12.4). Further, 14.5 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 140.2±86.3) of the women used all abuse types against their partners: 18.2 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 113.1±75.9) injury, and psychological and physical abuse; 14.7 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 64.9±64.3) injury, and physical and sexual abuse; 16.3 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 94.1±57.2) injury, and psychological and sexual abuse; and 24.9 percent (chronicity, mean/SD 99.5±72) psychological, physical, and sexual abuse. Controlling behaviours, co-occurring perpetration, abuse as a child, and certain types of own victimization were the more important factors associated with the inflicted abuse. More research into womens experiences of IPV as perpetrators, particularly in relation to co-occurring inflicted abuse, control, and abuse as a child, is warranted in Sub-Saharan Africa. An important limitation here is the lack of a control group (e.g. general population). The present findings may be useful for the development of strategies to prevent/treat IPV in Mozambique. In spite of its limitations, the current study may have provided new insights into womens use of violence against their partners.


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