Journal article
Responses of photosynthetic efficiency, cell shape and motility in Euglena gracilis (Euglenophyceae) to short-term exposure to heavy metals and pentachlorophenol

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Author list: Danilov, Roman;Ekelund, Nils
Publication year: 2001
Start page: 61
End page: 73
Number of pages: 13
ISSN: 0049-6979
View additional information: View in Web of Science™

Abstract

Euglena gracilis was exposed for 24 hr to concentrations of copper, nickel, lead and zinc ranging from 0.1 to 2.0 mg L-1 and to pentachlorophenol ranging from 0.1 to 10.0 mg L-1. Photosynthetic efficiency (PE) was inhibited by increasing concentrations of the heavy metals. Nickel was found to be the least toxic of the metals to E. gracilis, while the other three metals exhibited similar levels of toxicity. Treatment with pentachlorophenol caused unusual responses of the photosynthetic apparatus probably due to the especially high toxicity of this substance. Both cell shape and motility turned out to be insensitive physiological parameters for the toxicity testing of the substances studied.


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