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Solidification studies of 3003 alloys with different Mn and Ti contents

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Author list: Carlberg, Torbjörn;Razaz, Ghadir
Publisher: bcast
Publication year: 2017
ISBN: 9781908549297

Abstract

Aluminum alloys of AA3003 are widely used in heat exchangers. This type of alloy mainly contains manganese as alloying element, but in recent developments there have been additions of both titanium and copper. The limits of Mn solubility in aluminum are influenced by these additions, which can cause the formation of large particles of an unwanted AlMnTi phase.

This project was initiated to investigate the effects of Mn contents in combination with Ti additions on the solidification and precipitation behavior using both Bridgman directional solidification and DTA equipment. The results show that coarse AlMnTi particles start forming when Mn contents are over 1.5 wt% in alloys with 0.14 wt% Ti and that the amount significantly increases with increasing Mn content from this level. Large particles were also found for Mn contents slightly below 1.4 wt%. If the Ti additions were on the level of 0.25 wt%. The DTA experiments show that AlMnTi phases grow in a limited temperature interval, and can reach a size of 150 microns. Such large sized particles are detrimental for the material in the ensuing rolling operation and must be avoided, and it is, therefore, important to accurately control the combinations of Mn and Ti contents.


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