Journal article

Screen Printed Piezoresistive Sensors for Monitoring Pressure Distribution in Wheelchair

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Publication Details

Author list: AHMAD J, ANDERSSON H, SIDÉN J

Publisher: IEEE

Publication year: 2019

Start page: 2055

End page: 2063

Number of pages: 9

ISSN: 1530-437X

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2018.2885638

View additional information: View in Web of Science


Abstract

Prolonged sitting inadequacies cause pressure ulcer to many individuals, especially to disadvantaged with reduced mobility. The measurement of distributed pressure and detection of irregular sitting postures is essential for preventing the risk of developing pressure ulcer. In this paper, a pressure sensing system capable of recognizing sitting postures by means of measuring interface pressure through printed pressure sensors is presented. A thin and flexible large area sensor is screen-printed using silver flake and carbon particle inks and comprises 16 sensing elements. For the evaluation of practical usability, the sensor characterization is carried out by conducting stability, repeatability, drift and bending tests. The performance of the sensor is checked under varying environmental conditions. Sitting posture detection accuracy above 80 % is achieved using a classification algorithm for four different sitting postures. Pressure distribution is monitored at a scanning rate of 10 Hz. A low power and small form factor of read-out electronics enables a compact packaging inside the seat cushion. The presented sensor design targets smart wheelchairs, but it is extendable to much larger areas, for example to be used in beds. The proposed sensing system would be of a great assistance for caregivers and health professionals.


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