Percival : A soft x-ray imager for synchrotron rings and free electron lasers


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Publication Details

Author list: Graafsma, Heinz

Publisher: American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Publication year: 2019

ISBN: 9780735417823

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5084691


In this paper, we are presenting the Percival detector, a monolithic CMOS Imager for detection of soft x-rays in Synchrotron Rings and Free Electron Lasers. The imager consists in a 2D array of many (2M) small (27um pitch) pixels, without dead or blind zones in the imaging area. The imager achieves low noise and high dynamic range by means of an adaptive-gain in-pixel circuitry, that has been validated on prototypes. The imager features on-chip Analogue-to-Digital conversion to 12+1 bits, and has a readout speed which is compatible with most of Free Electron Laser Facilities. For direct detection of low-energy x-rays, the imager is back-illuminated and post-processed to achieve 100% fill factor.


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