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Patients narratives of their patient participation in the myocardial infarction pathway

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Author list: Landstad, Bodil
Publication year: 2019
ISSN: 0309-2402

Abstract

Aim: To explore how patients in areas without local percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) facilities experience patient participation in different phases of the myocardial infarction pathway. Background: Acute treatment of myocardial infarction often involves PCI. In Norway, this treatment is centralized at certain hospitals; thus, patients often require long-distance transportation and experience frequent hospital transfers. Short hospital stays, transfers between hospitals and the patients emotional state pose challenges to promoting patient participation. Design: A qualitative design with a narrative approach. Methods: Participants were recruited through purposive sampling. Eight men and two women were interviewed in 2016. Findings: Four themes related to the patients experiences at the beginning, middle and end of the pathway were identified: (a) Lack of verbal communication in the acute phase; (b) trust in healthcare professionals and treatment; (c) lack of participation and coordination at discharge; and (d) shared decision-making in rehabilitation. The findings showed how the patients moved from a low level of patient participation in the acute phase to a high level of patient participation in the rehabilitation phase. Conclusion: This is the first study to explore patient participation in different phases of the myocardial infarction pathway. We argue that individual plans for information and patient participation are important to improve patient involvement in an earlier stage of the pathway. Further research from a healthcare professional perspective can be valuable to understand this topic. Impact: This study gives new insight that can be valuable for healthcare professionals in implementing patient participation throughout the pathway.


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