Journal article

An empirical test of the hierarchical construct of professionalism and managerialism in the accounting profession

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Author list: Öhman, Peter

Publication year: 2013

Start page: 1

End page: 20

Number of pages: 20

ISSN: 1050-4753

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2308/bria-50511


Abstract

Research into the tension between professionalism and commercialism in the accounting profession is inconclusive and warrants greater attention. How to conceptualize and measure these constructs are thus pressing concerns. Using questionnaire data from 1,646 auditors in Sweden, and applying confirmatory factor analysis and structural regression models within a structural equation modeling framework to a measurement model developed by Suddaby et al. (2009), we find little empirical evidence for the existence of the two logics of professionalism and managerialism (i.e., commercialism) as two higher-order latent constructs shared by auditors. However, we find that two sub-elements of the proposed higher-order constructs do discriminate between each other in a way that could indicate two exclusive value statements in the accounting profession connected to the professionalism–commercialism tension; these are the respective emphasis on independence enforcement and client commitment.


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