Journal article

Analyzing false memories in children with associative lists specific for their age

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Author list: Esteves, Francisco

Publication year: 2007

Start page: 1171

End page: 1185

Number of pages: 15

ISSN: 0009-3920

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01059.x


Abstract

Two experiments attempted to resolve previous contradictory findings concerning developmental trends in false memories within the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm by using an improved methodology--constructing age-appropriate associative lists. The research also extended the DRM paradigm to preschoolers. Experiment 1 (N=320) included children in three age groups (preschoolers of 3-4 years, second-graders of 7-8 years, and preadolescents of 11-12 years) and adults, and Experiment 2 (N=64) examined preschoolers and preadolescents. Age-appropriate lists increased false recall. Although preschoolers had fewer false memories than the other age groups, they showed considerable levels of false recall when tested with age-appropriate materials. Results were discussed in terms of fuzzy-trace, source-monitoring, and activation frameworks.


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