Journal article

Association of personality, neighbourhood, and civic participation with the level of perceived social support: the HUNT study, a cross-sectional survey

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Publication Details

Author list: Grav, Siv;Hellzén, Ove

Publication year: 2013

Start page: 579

End page: 586

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 1403-4948

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494813487447

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Abstract

Aim:

The aim of the current study was to examine the association of personality,

neighbourhood, and civic participation on the level of perceived social support if needed.

Methods:

The sample consists of a total of 35,797 men (16,035) and women (19,762) drawn

from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 3 (HUNT3), aged 20-89, with a fully completed short

version of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) including a complete response to

questions regarding perceived social support. A multinomial logistic regression model was

used to investigate the association between the three-category outcomes (high, medium, and

low) of perceived social support.

Results: The Chi-square test detected a significant (p <

0.001) association between personality, sense of community, civic participation, self-rated

health, living arrangement, age groups, gender, and perceived social support except between

perceived social support and loss of social network in which no significance was found. The

crude and adjusted multinomial logistic regression models shows relation between medium

and low scores on perceived social support, personality, and sources of social support.

Interactions were observed between gender and self-rated health.

Conclusions: There is an

association between the level of perceived social support and personality, sense of

community in the neighbourhood, and civic participation. Even if the interaction

between men and self-reported health decreases the odds for low and medium social

support, health professionals should be aware of men with poor health and their lack of

social support.


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