Journal article

Atitudes infantis face aos cuidados de saúde e percepcão de dor: Papel mediador dos medos médicos

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Publication Details

Author list: Esteves, Francisco

Publication year: 2014

Start page: 2073

End page: 2082

Number of pages: 10

ISSN: 1413-8123

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232014197.08992013

URL: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/csc/v19n7/1413-8123-csc-19-07-02073.pdf


Abstract

This study sought to contribute to a better understanding of childrens attitudes and opinions regarding health care, mainly in terms of medical procedures, institutions and the efficacy of health professionals. The sample included 381 children, recruited from different schools in Lisbon. The more negative attitudes were attributed to institutions, while positive attitudes were related to the efficacy of health professionals. Medical procedures were considered less painful compared to potential day-to-day accidents. Higher levels of pain were reported by children of the female sex and by children during the primary education phase. Medical fears mediated the relationship between the perception of pain and childrens attitudes with respect to health care. Higher levels of pain perception were seen to be related to more negative attitudes regarding health care. However, this relationship was diminished when childrens fears about medical issues were contemplated. In conclusion, a translated instrument to assess childrens attitudes regarding health care is needed, as it may even contribute to the development of intervention programs within the scope of the promotion of attitudes towards health care.


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